Epp, Franz Ritter von

(1868-1947)
   Freikorps* leader; chiefly known for his role in suppressing leftist actions in Munich, the Ruhr, and Hamburg. Born in Munich, he attended both cadet and military academies in his home city. In 1900 he volunteered for the East Asian Expeditionary Corps; in 1904-1906 he fought against the Hottentots in Southwest Africa. He served from December 1914 to January 1919 in France, Italy, Serbia, and Rumania, advanc-ing to the rank of colonel and commanding an infantry division. In February 1919 he went to Thuringia,* where, with support from Defense Minister Gustav Noske,* he recruited Bavarians and established Freikorps Epp. His brigade, which was soon among Germany s strongest units, participated in Munich s brutal liberation (May 1919) and was thereafter attached to the Reichswehr* as the Bavarian Riflemen's Brigade. Although he was linked with those responsible for the March 1920 Kapp* Putsch, he did not participate in the event, but was involved soon after in crushing leftist revolts in Hamburg and the Ruhr. Pro-moted to major-general and assigned command of the army s Seventh Division (a Bavarian division) in 1923, he resigned his commission on 31 October 1923 when his radical politics brought a threat of transfer.
   Epp soon joined the BVP and was recruited by the Bavarian government in December 1923 to lead a re-created Einwohnerwehr (the short-lived Deutscher Notbann), intended to avert putsches such as that attempted by Hitler* in No-vember. Although he acceded, Epp sympathized with the Nazis; having provided the Party financial support since 1920, he became an SA Gruppenfuhrer in 1924. He officially joined the NSDAP in 1928 and was elected the same year to the Reichstag.* In September 1932 he became Hitler's Reichsleiter for political defense. Hitler then sent him to Bavaria* in March 1933, first as Reichskom-missar, then as Prime Minister, and finally as Reichsstatthalter (state governor).
   However, he was overshadowed by the local Gauleiter, Adolf Wagner. His status became negligible after he weakly protested various Nazi excesses.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Garnett, Lion, Eagle, andSwas-tika; NDB, vol. 4; Waite, Vanguard ofNazism.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franz Ritter von Epp — Franz von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp Franz von Epp (g.) en 1938 Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Franz Ritter von Epp — Franz Xaver Epp, seit 1916 Ritter von Epp (* 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war ein deutscher Berufssoldat, nationalsozialistischer Politiker und von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in Bayern …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz Ritter von Epp — Infobox Politician name = Franz Ritter von Epp imagesize = 220px caption = small office = Reichsstatthalter of Bavaria term start = 1933 term end = 1945 predecessor = successor = office2 = Member of the Reichstag term start2 = 1928 term end2 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Franz Xaver Ritter von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ritter von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma — Infobox Military Person name=Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma lived=birth date|1891|9|11|df=y death date and age|1948|4|30|1891|9|11|df=y placeofbirth=Dachau placeofdeath=Dachau caption= nickname= allegiance=flagicon|German Empire German Empire (to 1918) …   Wikipedia

  • Max Ritter von Pohl — Maximilian Ritter von Pohl (auch: Max, * 15. April 1893 in München; † 26. Juli 1951 in Pöcking, Landkreis Starnberg, Bayern) war ein deutscher General der Flieger und Kommandierender General der Luftwaffe in Mittelitalien. Militärischer Werdegang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oskar Ritter von Niedermayer — (* 8. November 1885 in Freising; † 25. September 1948 in Wladimir (Russland), Russland) war ein bekannter deutscher General, Professor und Abenteurer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ausbildung und Erster Weltkrieg 2 Zwischenkriegszeit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Von Epp — Franz Ritter von Epp Franz Ritter von Epp (gebürtig Franz Xaver Epp; * 16. Oktober 1868 in München; † 31. Dezember 1946 ebenda) war Berufssoldat, bekannter nationalsozialistischer Politiker und unter anderem von 1933 bis 1945 Reichsstatthalter in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.